FRIDAY, May 21, 2021 (HealthDay News)
For patients with severe ankle arthritis, total ankle replacement provides better function over the long haul than the traditional surgical treatment, a new study finds.
Researchers assessed outcomes in 517 patients with end-stage ankle arthritis — meaning they have a complete loss of cartilage resulting in “bone-on-bone” contact in the ankle joint. The result is pain and stiffness.
The patients either had total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) or ankle arthrodesis (AA).
AA, the standard treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis, uses plates and screws to fuse the ankle bones into a single piece. But TAA has become a popular alternative. In TAA, a prosthesis is used to replace the deteriorated ankle joint, similar to the use of artificial joints in total hip or knee replacement.
In the study, 414 had TAA and 103 had the standard AA surgery. Four years later, both groups had improvements in